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Gynecology & Obstetrician

A gynecologist is a doctor who specializes in female reproductive health. They diagnose and treat issues related to the female reproductive tract.

This includes-

  • Uterus
  • Fallopian tubes
  • Ovaries
  • Breasts

Anyone with female organs may see a gynecologist. 80% of those who see one are between 15 to 45 years old.

What Does a Gynecologist Do?

Gynecologists give reproductive and sexual health services that include:

  • Pelvic exams
  • Pap tests
  • Cancer screenings
  • Testing and treatment for vaginal infections.

They diagnose and treat reproductive system disorders such as endometriosis, infertility, ovarian cysts, and pelvic pain. They may also care for people with ovarian, cervical, and other reproductive cancers.

Some gynecologists also practice as obstetricians, who give care during pregnancy and birth. If a gynecologist has expertise in obstetrics, they’re called an OB-GYN.

Obstetricians focus on pregnancy and related health issues, while gynecologists focus on general reproductive health. These two types of medical professionals work together closely. Doctors with both certifications can handle everything from general reproductive health to the delivery of a baby. Some OB/GYN doctors also act as primary care physicians for females.

What Do Obstetricians and Gynecologists Do?

Obstetricians and gynecologists are qualified to do different things. Obstetricians are licensed to handle:

  • Fertility treatment
  • Pregnancy healthcare
  • NICU care
  • Vaginal and cesarean section births
  • General post-natal care

Meanwhile, gynecologists handle healthcare including:

  • Reproductive wellness checks
  • Cervical and breast cancer screenings
  • Urinary tract problems
  • STI treatment

Treatment for uterine conditions

Doctors with both qualifications can choose to take on both sets of responsibilities for their patients. Not every obstetrician also acts as a gynecologist, and vice versa.